First and foremost…always have a camera ready! You never know when something will catch your eye. Second, regardless of whether you’re on vacation or just shooting around town, sometimes you’ll need to do a little prep work. I often consider things like: Is there a perfect vantage point to catch the sunset? Do I need to get there early to claim a spot? Am I brining any equipment that might take some set up time, like a tripod, etc.
Aperture, ISO and focal lengths may vary, but there are two consistent things that you should think about for sunset shooting: Focus and White Balance.
As the light fades, your camera will have more trouble finding a spot to focus on. For DSLR users, try switching over to Manual Focus. When it comes to White Balance, many photographers (including myself) like to use the Cloudy or Shade options. Generally speaking, those white balance options tend to give you colors that are more like the actual look of the sunset. Naturally, if you have the ability to do so, it’s always best to shoot RAW files so that you can more easily adjust white balance and colors during post-processing.
If you’re using a Point and Shoot simply switch over to your camera’s Landscape mode.
Composing Great Sunset Photos
Every photo needs some kind of point of interest, and in sunset photos, often that will be a silhouette. Trees, people, buildings, boats, etc. You can make an interesting silhouette from just about any object.
Clouds are another excellent point of interest and a favorite of mine. They add texture to the sky and can introduce a wide variety red, orange and even purple colors to your images.
Another basic, but effective composition tip: Instead of the sun being in the center of the image, keep it off to one side of the frame while something else appears on the other side. Of course, just like the Rule of Thirds, breaking this rule can also create some excellent photos.
Don’t Stare at the Sun
Your mother was right! Staring at the sun can seriously and permanently damage your eyes. Don’t do it. The lower and more red the sun appears on the horizon the better.
As the sun sets, colors will change, objects may move and a wide variety of photo opportunities will exist -many after the sun drops below the horizon. Try a variety of settings, exposure times and shooting angles for different looks.
Photo and article by: Dylan Wroblewski
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